AFOHR. Association Forensic Odontology For Human Rights
At the 9th International Dental Ethics and Law Society (IDEALS) congress 2012 Leuven (Belgium), forensic odontologist Emilio Nuzzolese (Italy) presented the first paper addressing the importance of promoting human rights in the recovery and identification of missing and unidentified persons. On the 5th of May 2015, during the Interpol DVI meeting in Lyon (France) his human rights of the dead concepts and vision was shared with two odontologists Joe Adserias-Garriga (Spain) and Sakher AlQahtani (Saudi Arabia) (*), and this international group was inaugurated and presented to the INTERPOL DVI Forensic Odontology working group.
In January 2019 the group Forensic Odontology for Human Rights (called also FOD4HR) became the International Association Forensic Odontology For Human Rights (with the new acronym AFOHR), adopting ByLaws and electing a Board of 15 members.
(*) Since May 2019, Dr. J. Adeserias-Garriga and Dr. S. AlQahtani do not wish to be affiliated with AFOHR anymore.
In May 2019 some members decided to leave the Association and create a group called DentifyMe which is an international group of interested professionals who share the values of promoting contemporary forensic odontology.
Association Forensic Odontology For Human Rights (AFOHR)
AFOHR counts over 40 members from 20 Countries and is the first association promoting best practice in human identification and age estimation through humanitarian forensic odontology for the purpose of preventing Human Rights violations. An incomplete post mortem assessment can lead to a delayed or even to a non-identification and represents a violation of human rights and international humanitarian law. For this purpose, the Association is also a rooster of volunteers experts in forensic odontology and other areas on forensics. Dental evidence and a correct multidisciplinary approach are important in criminal investigations for the best outcome of the forensic analysis. Teeth and jaws can provide a tremendous amount of information in many fields:
– Disaster victim identification
– Missing and unidentified persons
– Child abuse and neglect
– Domestic violence and sexual abuse
– Homicide and torture
– Age estimation of unaccompanied minors
– Border control
– Human trafficking of minors’ cases
AFOHR members are helping in forensic casework, teaching and scientific research in odontology, science, and forensics and are a humanitarian resource anywhere dental evidence is involved.